Bitlis was a prominent Kurdish emirate during the 16th and 17th centuries in what is now southeastern Turkey. It is the name of the province and its chief city. Although a scenic city long admired by visitors, it has very hot summers and rigorous winters. An ancient legend claims that the city was originally established by one of Alexander the Great's generals as an impregnable citadel.
   One of its mirs, Sharaf Khan Bitlisi, was the author of the famous Kurdish history, the Sharafnama. This history contains a great deal of data on the emirate's history. Evliya Chelebi, the famous Turkish traveler and author of the Seyahatname, also spent much time here in 1655. Many of the emirate's inhabitants were Armenians, and the city played an important part in Armenian history. Until the problems at the end of the 19th century, the Armenians lived in relative harmony with the neighboring Kurds, Turks, and Jacobites (Christians).

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bitlis — Bilîs, Bedlîs Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bitlis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Bitlis (desambiguación). Bitlis …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bitlis — (Kurdish: Bilîs or Bedlîs Armenian: Baghaghesh , later Baghesh ) is a town in eastern Turkey and the capital of Bitlis Province. Kurds form the majority of the population, [ [ 9369506?query=Kurdistan ct=] ]… …   Wikipedia

  • Bitlis — Bitlis, Stadt, so v.w. Bedlis …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bitlis — Bitlis, Haupthandelsstadt Armeniens und Hauptort des kleinasiatischen Wilajets B. (mit den Liwas B., Musch, Gindsch und Saird, 27,100 qkm mit 398,700 Einw.), am Fluß B., einem nördlichen Zufluß des Tigris, an der Straße von Trapezunt und Erzerum… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bitlis — Bitlis, Hauptstadt des armenisch türk. Wilajets B. (27.100 qkm, 398.700 E.), unweit des Wansees, 25.000 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bitlis — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis Bitlis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bitlis — ▪ Turkey       city, southeastern Turkey, southwest of Lake Van (Van, Lake) at 4,600 feet (1,400 metres) above sea level. Strategically situated in the narrow valley of the Bitlis Çay, a tributary of the Tigris River, it commands the only route… …   Universalium

  • Bitlis — Original name in latin Bitlis Name in other language Badlis, Bitlis, Bitliss, btlys, Битлис State code TR Continent/City Europe/Istanbul longitude 38.40115 latitude 42.10784 altitude 1494 Population 46111 Date 2013 08 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bitlis — Bịtlis,   Provinzhauptstadt in Ostanatolien, Türkei, 1 500 m über dem Meeresspiegel, im Tal des Bitlis Suyu, 38 100 Einwohner; Tabakindustrie; Handels und Garnisonsstadt an einem wichtigen Pass über den Osttaurus.   Geschichte:   Seit dem 13.… …   Universal-Lexikon

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